The Cultural Heritage of Hittite Anatolia
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Talmaliya

Other Hittite Names:

Inventory No 2953
   
Geographical Type City
Determinative URU KUR.URU
   
   
Literature Alp, S., 1991: Hethitische Briefe aus Maşat-Höyük, İstanbul.

van Gessel, B.H.L., 1998: Onomasticon of the Hittite Pantheon, Part II., Leiden-Boston-Köln.

Güterbock, H.G., 1961: "The North-Central Area of Hittite Anatolia", JNES 20:85-97.

Hagenbuchner, A., 1989: Die Korrespondenz der Hethiter, 2. Teil (THeth 16), Heidelberg.

Lebrun, R., 1980: Hymnes et Prières Hittites, Louvain-la-Neuve.

Otten, H., 1981: Die Apologie Hattusilis III. (=StBoT 24), Wiesbaden.

von Schuler, E., 1965: Die Kaškäer, Berlin.

Ünal, A., 1974: Hattušili III. Teil I (=THeth. 3), Heidelberg.
   
   
Administration A letter fragment mentions the leaders (LÚMEŠGAL) of the city of Talmaliya (KBo 18.53 12’, 13’).

The commanders (LÚtaparijalli-) Pazzizi and Pišdumuw [a of Talmaliya are mentioned in a prayer of Arnuwanda I and his wife Ašmunikal (KUB 48.107 Vs. I 11-13) (Lebrun 1980, 148).
   
Cult A snake oracle 18.6 IV 7 proves the existence of weathergod of Talmaliya (van Gessel 1998: 808).
   
History In a treaty of Arnuwanda with the kaskaean people five persons of Pija, Sunupassi and Talmaliya (KBo 8.35 II 30’, KBo 50.67 II 28’), who took an oath (von Schuler 1965: 111, are mentioned.

According the Apology of Hattusili III, kaskaian troops of the city Pishuru attacked the cities of Karahna and Marista and marched to the borders of Takkasta and Talmaliya (Hatt. II 32-33, Otten 1981, 12-13).

Fragments of some letters (Hagenbuchner 1989, 180, 56) mention people of Talmaliya (KBo 18.79 Rs. 34) and the leaders (LÚMEŠGAL) of the city of Talmaliya (KBo 18.53 12’, 13’). In an oracle text for the campaigns of the king often mention military expeditions to Talmaliya (KUB 5.1 I 65, II 22,45,55, III 8, 5, 61, 75, IV 60, 66).
   
   
Ancient Textual Documentation CTH 81: KBo 3.6+ II 17
CTH 139: KBo 8.35 II 30’ ; KBo 50.67 II 28’
CTH 209: KBo 18.79 Rev. 34; KBo 18.53 12’, 13’
CTH 375: Bo 2525, 11 ; KUB 48.107 Obv. I 11-13
CTH 561: KUB 5.1 I 65, II 22,45,55, III 8, 5, 61, 75, IV 60, 66
CTH 575: KUB 18.6 IV 7


   
   
Net of Routes In a prayer of Arnuwanda I and his wife Ašmunikal, Talmaliya is mentioned in connection with the place names Iškuruha, Tiwara, Pišunupašši and Ziharziya (Alp 1991, 42).
   
Localization
(sure or highly probable)
   
Other Localization Proposals A precise localization for Talmaliya is yet to be established . It can be argued that it should be near the Kaska-Region (Alp 1991, 42). According KUB 5.1, Talmaliya should be in a region which include the Haharwa mountain and the cities of Nerik and Hakmis (Güterbock 1961, 96; Ünal 1974, 214-215), and this means a localization in the northeast of Hattusa. But Cornelius argued for a localization in the northeast of Sivas (Cornelius 1959, 108).
   
   
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