The Cultural Heritage of Hittite Anatolia
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Hakmis, Hakpis

Other Hittite Names:

Inventory No 2965
   
Geographical Type City Land
Determinative KUR.URU URU KUR
   
   
Literature
   
   
Administration
   
Cult
   
History The first mentions of Hakmis are dated in the Old Hittite period, for example KBo 20.23, a fragment of the Nerik festival. An othe fragment is KBo 3.46 Rev. 37, which is dated in the time of Mursili I or Hattusili I.

We have two mentions in the of Arnuwanda I, KBo 50.67(a little fragment of a treaty with the Kaskaeans) and KUB 17.21 (a vow to the sun goddess of Arinna). In the second one is mention, that the city Nerik is captured by the Kaskaeans and the weathergod of Nerik was moved to Hakmis. From the Appology of Hattusili III, the capturing of Nerik can be dated into the reign of a Hantili, probably Hantili II (Klinger 2005: 347; see also Klinger 2002: 441 and fn. 17). We know this move of Nerik also from other Texts, for example KUB 28.80 V 4-6.

The knowledge of Hakmis during the Middle Hittite Period is very limited. The name is not mention in the Maşat Texts and only one mention is published yet from the Ortaköy Texts. In this a man named Zuzzuhha brings enemy news from Hakmis (Süel 1995: 278).

The Deeds of Suppiluliuma I mentions new fights around Hakmis (KBo 14.42 Obv. 3‘, 4‘, 5‘), but details are incomprehensible.

At the end of the ninth year of Mursili II, the Hittite king returned from Piggainaresa to Hakmis. This show that the city was under Hittite reign at this time.

Under the reign of Muwatalli II, Hattusili was announced as the king of the Land Hakmis (Apol §8). According the Apology there were some revolts in or around Hakmis and Hattusili have to banish the kaskaean enemy from this area (§9). But later Hattusili freed the city Nerik from its kaskaean occupation and returned the cult of the weathergod of Nerik.
   
   
Ancient Textual Documentation CTH 13: KBo 3.46 Rs. 37
CTH 40: KBo 14.42 Vs. 3’, 4’, 5’
CTH 61: KBo 4.4 III 54; KBo 14.20 I 9
CTH 81: KBo 3.6 II 41= KUB 1.1 II 61f. ; KBo 3.6 IV 2= KUB 19.63+ 65+; KUB 31.13 I 6; KUB 31.13 III 5’ 12’; KUB 1.1 IV 42; KUB 19.72 IV, 2; KBo 3.6 15’ 20’; KUB 1.1 II 61f= KBo 3.6 II 41; KUB 1.1 III 10; KUB 1.1 III 11f; KUB 1.7 III 4; KUB 1.8 IV 23’= KBo 3.6 IV 2= KUB 19.63 III 53+ 65 5+; KUB 31.13 I, 6 KUB 31.13 III 5’ 12’; KUB 1.8 IV 24; KUB 19.65 5’; KUB 19.70 III 26; KUB 19.72 III 2’
CTH 85: KBo 6.29 I 25; KBo 6.29 I 26
CTH 90: KBo 22.73 I 6’; KUB 21.11 Vs. 7; KUB 21.11 Rs. 8’
CTH 92: KBo 1.8 Vs. 14
CTH 101.1: KUB 21.8 II 14’
CTH 101.2: KUB 21.9 Vs. 10
CTH 139: KBo 50.67 II 36
CTH 209: KBo 18.22 Vs. 5
CTH 212: KBo 45.273 Vs. 5
CTH 214.14: KBo 22.27 6’; KUB 31.16 I 6; KUB 31.16 III 18’, 22’
CTH 215: KBo 50.244 5’
CTH 231: VBoT 68 III 7
CTH 238: KBo 1.58 10’
CTH 275: KUB 31.99 Vs. 9?
CTH 279.1: KUB 30.56 III 26?
CTH 297.6: KUB 26.49 Rs. 10
CTH 375.1.A: KUB 17.21 IV 9’
CTH 378.3.A: KUB 25.25 Vs. 2’
CTH 381: KUB 6.45 II 55=KUB 6.46 III 23
CTH 386.1: KUB 36.90 17 41
CTH 389: KBo 57.22 11’
CTH 430: KUB 30.29 I 13
CTH 470.94: KUB 55. 54 I 28’
CTH 525.3: KUB 25.23 I 32’ 36’ 40’; KUB 25.23, 1k. Rd. 2; KUB 25.23 IV 2 46 61’; KUB 55.48, I 2’
CTH 530: KUB 44.18 Vs. 11’; KUB 60.117
CTH 561: KUB 5.1 II 40, 45
CTH 570: KUB 49.103 Vs. 2; KUB 52.55 Rs. 2, 4
CTH 573: KUB 49.34, r.Kol 1
CTH 578: KUB 18.60 14’ 16’
CTH 582: KUB 52.5 IV 3 4
CTH 583: KUB 15.5 II 54
CTH 584.3: KUB 15.11 II 9
CTH 585: KUB 56.2 III 7
CTH 590: KUB 48.119 Vs. 5’
CTH 625: KBo 4.13 I 26’
CTH 646.1.A: KUB 32.87 Rs. 19’
CTH 661.1: KUB 11.4 8‘(?); KUB 36.120 I 7
CTH 662.1.A: KUB 11.28 IV 2
CTH 662.1.B: KBo 8.124 Vs.? 4
CTH 670: KBo 25.11 4’; KUB 56.51 I 26’; KUB 58.58 Vs. 1
CTH 672: KBo 2.4 IV 36’; KUB 56.48 IV 21, 23
CTH 678: KBo 20.23 Rs. 7’; KUB 53.21 Vs. 7; KUB 54.98, 8’; KUB 58.11 Rs. 12
CTH 698: KBo 14.142 IV 14’
CTH 701: KUB 47.101 IV 5’
CTH 737: KUB 28.80 IV 5’
CTH 832: KBo 54.267, 8’; KUB 58.9 Vs. 3; KBo 23.9 3’
   
   
Net of Routes
   
Localization
(sure or highly probable)
   
Other Localization Proposals A localisation in the northeast of Hattusa is plausible. Perhaps the plain of Merzifon or the plain of Amasya (Alparslan 2010: 39)


Suggestions:

Amasya (Goetze 1930: 18 ff.)

Alişar and the area in the southeast of Karkenes (Garstang 1942: 452; Garstang-Gurney 1959: 18)
   
   
Pictures  
   
  Filled by (23.10.2012 11:18:12)
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