The Cultural Heritage of Hittite Anatolia
An International and Interdisciplinary Project for a

Hittite Historical Atlas
 

back to list

Šalampa / Šalma / Šalpa

Other Hittite Names:

Inventory No 2972
   
Geographical Type City
Determinative URU
   
   
Literature Carruba, O., 2003: Anittae Res Gestae (StMed 13), Pavia.

Cornelius, F., 1958: "Geographie der Hethiterreiches", OrNS 27, 225-251, 373-398.

Cornelius, F., 1967: “Neue Arbeiten zur hethitischen Geographie”, Anatolica 1, 62-77.

Cornelius, F., 1973: Geschichte der Hethiter, Darmstadt.

Forlanini, M., 1977: "L'Anatolia nord-occidentale nell'impero eteo" SMEA 18, 197-225.

Forlanini M. - M. Marazzi 1986: Atlante Storico del Vicino Oriente Antico 4.3, Roma.

Forlanini, M., 2008: “The Central Provinces of Hatti: An Updating”, K. Strobel (ed.), New Perspectives on the Historical Geography and Topography of Anatolia in the II and I Millennium B.C.(Eothen 16), Firenze, 145-188.

de Martino, S., 2005: "Hittite Letters of the Time of Tutḫaliya I/II, Arnuwanda I and Tutḫaliya III", AoF 32/2, 291-321.

Popko, M.,1994: Zippalanda. Ein Kultzentrum im hethitischen Kleinasien (THeth 21), Heidelberg.

Polit, A., 1999: "Die Stadt Katapa im Lichte hethitische Keilschrifttexte", Hethitica 14, 81-96.

von Schuler, E.,1970: "Eine hethitische Festbeschreibung aus dem Iraq Museum", BaM 5, 45-50.

Xačatrjan, V. N., 1976: "Nekotorye voprosy toponimiki central'nyx raionov strany Xatti", Drevnij Vostok 2, Erevan, 67-74.
   
   
Administration Capital of a ḫalṣu district including the following towns/villages: Angulliya, Ḫap?zišna, Pipišnawa (or Kašpišnawa), Impaziya, Ḫammanta, Išḫenparlā, Zelputta, Tataniya, Kanawia, Tapellu, Taḫappina, Galwadda, Antalliya, Urantiya, Anḫella, Kāšaya, Waddumalawa (or Waddumatwa), Waḫḫašpa (HT 2: I 28- II 19).
   
Cult Pantheon
Šalampa is connected with the cult of the goddess Kadaḫḫa officiated in Ḫattuša: KUB 10.
69 III 1-2, probably pertaining to the cult of Arinna (cf. Popko [2009] 91 n.46).
Personnel
The men, the ḫapeš and the wolf-man of Šalampa (Šalampum(e)neš), together with the men of Kātapa and Kartapaḫa are involved in cult ceremonies at Zippalanda (CTH 635. 13 see s.v. Kartapaḫa).
Statues
Šalma occurs together with [Paršan]aḫila and Midā (village of the district of Paršananḫila) in an inventory of statues (HT 4: 8'-9')
   
History Anitta of Neša won a battle against the king of Ḫattuša at Šalampa (KUB 36. 98a Obv. 7'), cf. Carruba (2003), 32-33 (§ X, 37C).
   
   
Ancient Textual Documentation CTH 1: KUB 36. 98a: obv. 7'
CTH 470. 179: IBoT 4.99: obv. 1'
CTH 470.1562: KUB 57.71: 5'
CTH 635. 13: KBo 2. 12: II 24, 27, 35; KBo 16. 71+: I 6'; KBo 20. 3: obv. 1', 4', 8'; KBo 20. 16: rev? 6'; KBo 20. 30: 2-3.
CTH 666: KUB 10. 69: III 1
CTH 744.11: KUB 28. 104: IV 16'
CTH 235 II: HT 2 I 28 //KBo 2. 31: obv. 6'
CTH 237.2: HT 4: 8'
CTH 275: KUB 40. 47: obv.? 9'
CTH 669.15: IM 63682+: V 10
CTH 698 I: KBo 14. 142: IV 1; KUB 27.15: IV 5'. 11'
CTH 215: KBo 32. 202: rev. 16'
   
   
Net of Routes
   
Localization
(sure or highly probable)
Šalampa, where Anitta of Neša won a battle against the king of Ḫattuša, and Šalma are only two different diachronic spellings of the same place-name, to be also equated with the Šalpa (1) of KBo 32. 202, at a three days distance from Ḫattuša, hence not identical with Šallapa /Šalpa (2) on the Arzawan border. Position: about 70 km south-east of Boğazköy (Forlanini [2008] 158-159).
Together with [Paršan]aḫila and Midā (district of Paršananḫila) in an inventory of statues (HT 4: 8'-9'); in the list of women singers HT2//KBo 2. 31 her district occurs together with those of together with those of Kātapa, Šalma, Kartapaḫa, Paršananḫila, Kukuwawa, and the towns Taḫurpa, Ankuwa, Pašdu, Tiššuwa, Dunna.
   
Other Localization Proposals Cornelius (1973) 135; (1967) 77; (1973) 135: Šalampa identical with Šalma = modern Selme near Aksaray; Xačatrjan (1976) 73-74: near Ankara; de Martino (2005) 301, n. 26: Šalpa of KBo 32. 202 cannot be Šallapa.
   
   
Pictures  
   
  Filled by (01.03.2013 16:56:47)
last edited by ()