The Cultural Heritage of Hittite Anatolia
An International and Interdisciplinary Project for a

Hittite Historical Atlas

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Other Hittite Names:

Inventory No 2974
Geographical Type City
Determinative URU
Literature Hecker, K. - J. Lewy 1966: Die Keilschrifttexte der Universitätsbibliothek Giessen-unter Benutzung nachgelassener Vorarbeiten, Giessen.

Klengel, H., 1965: Geschichte Syriens I, Berlin.

del Monte, G. - J. Tischler 1978: Die Orts- und Gewässernamen der hethitischen Texte (RGTC 6), Wiesbaden.

del Monte G. F., 1992: Die Orts und Gewässernamen der Hethitischen Texte, (RGTC 6/2), Wiesbaden.

Nashef, Kh., 1991: Die Orts-und Gewässernamen der altassyrischen Zeit,( RGTC 4), Wiesbaden.
History The city of Aruar is encountered in a single line in Kültepe texts (KUG 29 14). Despite the strict military directions by the Hattušili I during the siege of Uršu, it is mentioned that the people of Aruar stops by the city. But the king intended that noone went to the cities of Aruar and Halap (KBo I 1; Güterbock 1938: 114-124; Gurney 1962: 178-179; Yiğit 1994: 138 f.)
Ancient Textual Documentation KUG 29 14
CTH 7: KBo 1.11 Rev. 25, 29
Net of Routes
(sure or highly probable)
It is required to look for Aruar in the locality of Uršu since the people of Aruar often stops by the city during the siege of Uršu.
Other Localization Proposals Klengel links Arur with Zaruar which is additionally referred in Mari texts (Klengel 1965: 168); Hecker points out that Aruar was the altered version of Zaruar since it is also mentioned in Kültepe texts, and that it may have been located in Northern Syria (Hecker 1966: 67). Forlanini suggests that Zaruar was the city of Zalwar in Ancient Babylonia, and that the city was mentioned as Zalpa or Zalba in Kültepe texts and as Zalbar in texts dating to Hattušili I. In addition, he indicates that Aruar was different from Zaruar (Nashef 1991: 13)
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