The Cultural Heritage of Hittite Anatolia
An International and Interdisciplinary Project for a

Hittite Historical Atlas

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Irrita, Irrite

Other Hittite Names:

Inventory No 2979
Geographical Type City Land
Determinative URU KUR.URU
Literature Alp, S., 2002: Hitit Çağında Anadolu, Ankara.

Beckman, G. M., 1999: Hittite Diplomatic Texts. 2nd ed, Writings from the Ancient World no. 7, Atlanta, Georgia.

Goetze, A., 1953: “An Old Babylonian Itinerary”, JCS 7: 51-72.

del Monte, G. - J. Tischler 1978: Die Orts- und Gewässernamen der hethitischen Texte (RGTC 6), Wiesbaden.

del Monte G. F., 1992: Die Orts und Gewässernamen der Hethitischen Texte, (RGTC 6/2), Wiesbaden.

Karauğuz, G., 2002: Boğazköy ve Ugarit Çivi Yazılı Belgelerine göre Hitit Devleti’nin Siyasi Antlaşma Metinleri, Konya.

Weidner, E., 1923: Politische Dokumente aus Kleinasien. Die Staatsverträge in akkadischer Sprache aus dem Archiv von Boghazköi. Boghazköi- Studien H.8,9. Leipzig.

Administration The city of Irrite was a small Hurria kingdom dependent on Mittani. Despite the invasion of Mitanni during the period of Šuppiluliuma I, the city of Irrite is loyal to Hurrian Kingdom and rejects to enter into the domination of the Hittites; after that it was captured by Piyašili and Mattiwaza (KBo 1.3 (+) KUB 3. 17 Obv. 36-44).
Cult In the oath section of the agreement made between Šuppiluliuma I and Mattiwaza, the son of Mitannian King Tušratta, there is a statement of “Storm God of the city of Irrite, Lord of Kamarri” together with the names of gods and goddesses (KBo 1.1 Rev. 57).
History According to lines 35 and 47 in KBo 1.3 (+) KUB 3.17 of the Mattiwaza version of the agreement made between Mitannians and Hittites in the period of Šuppiluliuma I: After Kargamıš King Piyašili and Mitannian King Mattiwaza arrived in Kargamıš, they sent a messenger to the city of Irrite for surrender. But the people of Irrite şehri supported Šuttarna, and challenged the military of Hittites. Piyašili and Mattiwaza reached the city of Irrite crossing over Euphrates and ruled over the city of Irrite and its vicinity. In the continual part, it is mentioned that the people and city of Harran came for peace. This text shows us that the city of Irrite was either on the shore of Euphrates or very near to it and that one must look for it somewhere between Kargamıš and Harran.
Ancient Textual Documentation CTH 40.V.2: KBo 14.13 II 16, 19
CTH 40.V.4: KBo 14.15 5
CTH 51.I.A: KBo 1.1 Rev. 20, 28, 57
CTH 52.I: KBo 1.3 (+) KUB 3.17 Obv. 36 ff., Rev. 42.
CTH 83.1.A: KUB 19.9 I 14
CTH 133: KUB 23.68+ Rev. 23
Net of Routes Kargamıš- Euphrates- Irrite- Harran. KBo 1.3 (+) KUB3.17 Obv. 36-47.
(sure or highly probable)
We choose to look for Irrita somewhere in the shore of Euphrates, at a close distance to Kargamıš.
Other Localization Proposals Goetze suggests that one must look for the city between Kargamıš and Harran (Goetze 1953: 59.)
  Filled by (09.04.2013 15:50:28)
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