The Cultural Heritage of Hittite Anatolia
An International and Interdisciplinary Project for a

Hittite Historical Atlas

back to list


Other Hittite Names:

Inventory No 2984
Geographical Type City
Determinative URU
Literature Beckman, G. M., 1999: Hittite Diplomatic Texts. 2nd ed, Writings from the Ancient World no. 7, Atlanta, Georgia.

Garstang, J. - O.R.Gurney 1959: The Geography of the Hittite Empire, London.

Goetze, A., 1940: Kizzuwatna and the Problem of Hittite Geography, New Haven.

Houwink ten Cate Ph.H.J., 1970: The Records of the Early Hittite Empire (c. 1450-1380 B.C.), İstanbul.

Kessler, K.,1980: Untersuchungen zur historischen Topographie Nordmesopotamiens nach keilschriftlichen Quellen des 1. Jahrtausends v. Chr., Wiesbaden.

Klengel, H.,1992: Syria 3000 to 300 B.C. A. Handbook of Political History, Berlin.

Klengel, H., 1999: Geschichte des Hethitischen Reiches, Leiden.

Moran, W.L.,1987: Les Letteres D’el-Amarna, Paris.

Moran, W.L.,1992:The Amarna Letters, London.

del Monte, G. - J. Tischler 1978: Die Orts- und Gewässernamen der hethitischen Texte (RGTC 6), Wiesbaden.

del Monte G. F., 1992: Die Orts und Gewässernamen der Hethitischen Texte, (RGTC 6/2), Wiesbaden.

Sir - Gavaz, Ö., 2007: I. Šuppiluliuma Döneminde Suriye ve Mezopotamya İle İlişkiler, (Yayınlanmamış Yüksek Lisans Tezi), Ankara.

Weidner, E., 1923: Politische Dokumente aus Kleinasien. Die Staatsverträge in akkadischer Sprache aus dem Archiv von Boghazköi. Boghazköi- Studien H.8,9. Leipzig.
Administration Used as a capital during the period of Šuppiluliuma I by Mitanni Kingdom, the city of Wašukana was under the rule of Mattiwaza who was appointed to this position by Šuppiluliuma I. But, all local kingdoms, especially Mitanni Kingdom, were under the domination of Kargamıš Kingdom. So, local interests were controlled in the first hand for the benefit of the Hittite State (Sir Gavaz 2007 160 ff.).
Cult The statement of Storm God, Lord of the city of Wašukana is mentioned in the texts. KBo 1.3 + KUB 3.17 Rev. 42.
History In the period of Šuppiluliuma I, forces of Piyašili, Kargamıš King and Mattiwaza, who was appoined to Mittanni as a puppet king, captured Irrite and Harran in the first place, and then Wašukana (KBo 1.1 ; KBo 1.3 +KUB 3.17)
Ancient Textual Documentation CTH 40.III.c) 1.A: KUB 34.23 II 26’
CTH 40.III.c) 1.B: KBo 12.27 III 6
CTH 40.V.1.A: KUB 19.13+14 II 33’ = CTH 40.V.1.B: KBo 19.50 IV 5’
CTH 51.I.A: KBo 1.1 Obv. 27, Rev. 56’ (akk.)
CTH 51.I.B: KBo 1.2 Rev. 32’ ; Obv. 8’
CTH 52.II: HT 21 + KUB 8.80 3’
CTH 52.II: KUB 23.50, 8’
CTH 187: KBo 18.25 Rev. 4’
CTH 732.1.B: KUB 23.68+Rev. 13, 14, 15, 16
Net of Routes
(sure or highly probable)
In our opinion, one must look for Wašukana in Kargamıš or in a place proposed for Irrite. After a careful analysis of its location and the archaeological and philolocgical findings in the mound, Oylumhöyük in Kilis can be a suitable place for Wašukana.
Other Localization Proposals Studies conducted fort he location of the city of Wašukana points to the vicinity of Habur (Weidner 1923: 9; Goetze 1940: 47 f.; Gastrang-Gurney 1959: 56 f. ; Houwink ten Cate 1970: 61; del Monte-Tischler 1978: 480).
  Filled by (09.04.2013 16:43:45)
last edited by ()