The Cultural Heritage of Hittite Anatolia
An International and Interdisciplinary Project for a

Hittite Historical Atlas

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Other Hittite Names:

Inventory No 3009
Geographical Type City Land
Determinative URU KUR.URU
Literature Cornelius, F., 1958: "Geographie der Hethiterreiches", OrNS 27, 225-251, 373-398.

Imparati, F., 1992: Hitit Yasaları, Ankara.

Kempinski, A. – S. Košak 1982: “CTH 13: The Extensive Annals of Hattusili I(?)”, Tel Aviv 11/2: 87-116.

del Monte, G. - J. Tischler 1978: Die Orts- und Gewässernamen der hethitischen Texte (RGTC 6), Wiesbaden.

del Monte G. F., 1992: Die Orts und Gewässernamen der Hethitischen Texte, (RGTC 6/2), Wiesbaden.
History In the I. Hattuşili annuals it is mentionned, that during the campaign of king "Arzawa", " "Hurrs" attacked Anatolia and captured some cities.
In the annuals the name "Hatra" is not determined for the country and it is mentionned that the country "Sukziya" is conquered by the "Hurriler".
In the 54th article of the "Hitit" law Hatra is mentionned in this way. Previously the "Manda" soldiers, "Sala" soldiers, "Tamalkiya" soldiers, "Hatra" soldiers, "Zalpa" soldiers, "Tashiniya " soldiers, "Hemuwa" soldiers, archers, wood workers, carters and they did not perforn "luzzi", did not make "sahhan".
Ancient Textual Documentation CTH 291.I.a.A: KBo 6.2 III 12
CTH 291.I.b.A: KBo 6.3 III 15
CTH 291.II.c.A: KBo 6.6 Obv. 20´
CTH 381.A: KUB CTH 381.B 6.45 II 64 = 46 III 31
CTH 625.1.A: KBo 4.13 I 44´
CTH 712.A: KUB 27.1 I 56
2BoTU 17A II 15
Net of Routes
(sure or highly probable)
Texts are indicating, that because of the easy conquest of "Hatra" and the fact that this city is mentionned with the country "Isuwa", the city "Hatra" must be located near to "Isuwa".
On the other side; according to the 54th article of the law, all cities with "Sahan" and "luzzi" immunity are searched close to each other in southeast Anatolia. In this case the city "Hatra" has to be searched near to "Zalpa", "Tramalkiya" and "Tashiniya" around the area of "Gaziantep".

Other Localization Proposals Cornelius recommended to search Samsat near to Hatra (Cornelius 1958 383 vd.).
  Filled by (10.10.2013 13:58:15)
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