The Cultural Heritage of Hittite Anatolia
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Hittite Historical Atlas
 

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Išmirika

Other Hittite Names:

Inventory No 3104
   
Geographical Type City Land
Determinative URU KUR.URU
   
   
Literature Cavaignac, E., 1949: “L'Arnuwandas d'Ismirikka”, ArOr 17: 85-87.

Cornelius, F., 1967: “Neue Arbeiten zur hethitischen Geographie”, Anatolica 1, 62-77.

Cornelius, F., 1973: Geschichte der Hethiter, Darmstadt.

del Monte G. F.- J. Tischer, 1978: Die Orts und Gewässernamen der Hethitischen Texte, RGTC 6.

del Monte G. F., 1992: Die Orts und Gewässernamen der Hethitischen Texte, (RGTC 6/2), Wiesbaden.

Freu, J.,1980: “Luwiya. Géographie historique des provinces méridionales de I'empire hittite: Kizzuwatna, Arzawa, Lukka, Milawatta”, Document 6: 177-352.

Garstang, J. - O.R.Gurney 1959: The Geography of the Hittite Empire, London.

Goetze, A., 1940: Kizzuwatna and the Problem of Hittite Geography, New Haven.

Goetze, A., 1952: “The Predecessors of Šuppiluliumaš of Ḫatti”, JAOS 72: 67-72.

Goetze, A., 1953: “An Old Babylonian Itinerary”, JCS 7: 51-72.

Goetze, A., 1957: “On the Chronology of the Second Millennium B.C.”, JCS 11: 53-61, 63-73.

Houwink ten Cate Ph.H.J., 1970: The Records of the Early Hittite Empire (c. 1450-1380 B.C.), İstanbul.

Kammenhuber, A., 1968: Die Arier im Vorderen Orient, Heidelberg.

Kammenhuber, A., 1969: “Die Sprachstufen des Hethitischen”, ZVS 83: 256-289.

Kempinski, A. − S. Košak 1969-70: “Der Išmeriga- Vertrag”, WdO 5: 191-217.

Klengel, H., 1965: Geschichte Syriens I, Berlin.

Korošec, V., 1931: Hethitische Staatsverträge. Ein Beitrag zu ihrer juristischen Wertung, Leipzig.

Otten, H., 1966: “Hethiter, Hurriter und Mitanni”, Fischer Weltgeschichte 3 : 102-176.

von Schuler E., 1964: “Staatsverträge und Dokumente hethitischen Rechts”,Neuere Hethiterforschung : 34-53.

Smith, S., 1956: “Ursu and Ḫaššum”, Gs Garstang: 35-43.

Ünal, A., 1976-1980: “Išmiraka”, RIA 5: 197-198.
   
   
Administration
   
Cult According to Ünal, İšmerikanians were also nomads just like the Kaškans who lived in north and they had a tribal state status.(Ünal 2002: 131; 2007: 140).
   
History Subject matter of the text KUB 26.41 + 23.68 + ABoT 56 is the agreement which is made with İšmirikan people during the period of I. Arnuwanda. İšmirika City was mentioned with Adara, Irrite, Terušša, Uriga, Urušša, Waššukanni, Zazlippa, Ziyaziya and Zizziya cities. (Ünal 1976-80: 197). According to an İšmerikan text dated in the Middle Kingdom Period, Kizzuwatna was deispersed to east and even contained Wašukanni for a while (Ünal 2002: 93).
   
   
Ancient Textual Documentation CTH 133: KUB 23.68 obv. 25’, rev. 1, 6, 7, 11, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 25
CTH 237: KUB 26.54, 6’
CTH 40: KBo 19.52 2’
   
   
Net of Routes
   
Localization
(sure or highly probable)
Išmirika Land was probably located around Malatya-Adıyaman, with a tribal state status between Hatti, Mitanni and Kizzuwatna countries.
   
Other Localization Proposals Išmirika is equalized to Siverek, which is right next to ( probably a little bit north of ) Kizzuwatna. (del Monte – Tischler 1978: 149)
   
   
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  Filled by (16.04.2014 16:43:18)
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