The Cultural Heritage of Hittite Anatolia
An International and Interdisciplinary Project for a

Hittite Historical Atlas

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Other Hittite Names:

Inventory No 3108
Geographical Type City Land
Determinative URU KUR.URU
Literature Altman, A., 2004: The Historical Prologue of the Hittite Vassal Treaties, Ramat-Gan.

Astour, M.C., 1969: “The Partition of the Confederacy of Mukiš-Nuḫašše-Nii by Šuppiluliuma. A Study in Political Geographyof the Amarna Age”, Or NS 38: 381-414.

Beckman, Gary M., 1999: Hittite Diplomatic Texts. 2nd ed, Writings from the Ancient World no. 7, Atlanta, Georgia.

del Monte G. F.- J. Tischer, 1978: Die Orts und Gewässernamen der Hethitischen Texte, RGTC

del Monte G. F., 1992: Die Orts und Gewässernamen der Hethitischen Texte, (RGTC 6/2), Wiesbaden.

Klengel, H., 1965: Geschichte Syriens I, Berlin.

Klengel, H., 1969: Geschichte Syriens II, Berlin.

Klengel H.,1970 Geschichte Syriens im 2. Jahrtausend v.u.Z. Teil 3: Historische Geographie und allgemeine Darstellung, (Institut für Orientforschung, Veröffentlichung 40) Berlin.

Klengel, H.,1992: Syria 3000 to 300 B.C. A. Handbook of Political History, Berlin.

Administration Two kings of Niya are mentioned in the agreement between I. Šuppiluliuma and Mattiwaza the Mitanni King: ‘’Takuwa the Niyan King has came into my presence in Mukiš to ask for peace.During Takuwa’s absence, his brother Aki- Tešup beguiled people of Niya for rebellion. Aki-Tešup, in cooperation with Akiya the Arahti King and Mariyannus occupied Arahti and rebelled against me with the help of Hišmiya, Aširi, Zulkiya, Habahi, Birriya and Niruwabi warriors. I have beaten them in Arahti, invaded them with their goods.
History In the agreement text between I. Šuppiluliuma and Mattiwaza it is mentioned that the king has beaten Išuwa Land firstly, attacked Waššukanni which is the capital of Mitanni Kingdom and then has beaten the Halap and Mukiš lands. The king explains his attacks on these countries with the reason which they attacked Ugarit Kingdom. He also mentiones that Takuwa th Niyan King bags for peace from him (KBo 1.1 obv. 31 ff). In the agreement between I. Šuppiluliuma and II. Niqmadu the Ugarit King, I. Šuppiluliuma accuses
Addu–Nirari the Nuhašše King ,Itur –Addu the Mukiš king and Aki Tešup the Niyan King with hostile attitudes. He also mentiones that the others had pressuredII. Niqmadu , king of Ugarit to join the coalition against him.
Ancient Textual Documentation CTH 49: KBo 10.12 I 16’, III 19’
KBo 28.140 obv. 4
CTH 51: KBo 1.1 obv. 30, 31
KUB 21.18 obv. 17’
KUB 3.1b+c obv. 14’
KBo 1.2 obv. 12’
KBo 28.111+112+KUB 3.1b+c obv. 16’
CTH 53: KBo 1.4 III 21
CTH 98: KUB 21.39 13
CTH 209: KUB 8.79 rev. 20’
KUB 26.92 5’
CTH 282: KBo 22.102 rev. 5’
CTH 361: KBo 33.67 3’
CTH 569: KUB 16.32 II 29
CTH 628: VBoT 89 IV 8
KUB 46.47 rev. 15
CTH 670: KUB 54.84 9
Net of Routes
(sure or highly probable)
Niya must be localized in north of Syria, near by Mukiš and Nuhašše.
Other Localization Proposals Niya is equalized with Apameia ( today’s As Suqaylabiyah, Syria) which is near to Orontes River (del Monte – Tischler 1978: 281).
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