The Cultural Heritage of Hittite Anatolia
An International and Interdisciplinary Project for a

Hittite Historical Atlas

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Locations: Plateau (Yayla) River bank , Province: Elazığ , Village: Haraba

Inventory No 201
Old Name Şımşat Kalesı, Asmosata, Aşmuşat
Ancient Name Arsamosata (?), Armosata (?)
Highly Probable Ancient Name
Latitude N 38 36
Longitude E 39 46
Elevation 870 m
Species Mound (Höyük)
Height 46 m.
Width 300 m.
Lenght 150 m.
Area 45000
Periods Iron Age I ~1150-900
Iron Age II ~900-

Location and geographical Features



The fortress of Şımşat is about 50 kms. East of Elazığ and 5 kms. from Gülüşkür Bridge.



Nearest Ancient Road

Survey Findings The settlement consists in a fortress built at the top of a natuaral mound. The first fortress level is dated at the 8th century BC, probably connected to the Urartian expansion on the eastern Euphrates region. In connection with this period, sporadic remains of a fortification wall, constucted of rubble with a mortared surface, has been brought to light on the southern and the western sides of the mound. In the excavations in front of the fortification wall, Late Hittite potsherds were found, as well as red slipped Urartian ceramics (Öğün 1971: 44-46; Öğün 1972: 75). Several trenches have been opened on the sides of the mound. In Trench B a room with 8 pithoi was found, resembling the Urartian store-rooms (Öğün 1971: 45)


  Filled by (02.01.2014 13:27:53)
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