The Cultural Heritage of Hittite Anatolia
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Hittite Historical Atlas
 

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Tepecik Höyük

Locations: Plateau (Yayla) River bank , Province: Elazığ , Village: Tepecik

Inventory No 205
   
Old Name Makaraz Tepe
Ancient Name
Highly Probable Ancient Name
   
Latitude N 38 39
Longitude E 39 27
Elevation 890 m.
   
Species Mound (Höyük)
Type
   
Height 16-17 m.
Width 200 m.
Lenght 440 m.
Area 88000
   
Periods Middle Bronze Age I Karum ~2000/1950-1700
Late Bronze Age I Middle Hittite ~1550/1500-1350
Middle Bronze Age II Old Hittite ~1650-1550/1500
Late Bronze Age II Imperial Hittite ~1350-1150
Iron Age I ~1150-900
Iron Age II ~900-
   

Location and geographical Features

 

Description

The site lies approximately 31 km east of the city of Elazığ, south-west of the village of Altınova. It is now flooded by the Keban Dam Lake.

 

   

Nearest Ancient Road

   
Survey Findings The Middle Bronze Age levels (MBI: level 4-8; MBII: level 3a-c), excavated on the northern slopes of the mound, are characterized by dwellings with several rooms and central space (Esin 1971: 111-112; Esin 1972: 152-153; Esin 1974: 128-129). An area intended for ceramic production has been brought to light, as the discovery of several pottery kilns (Esin 1979: 99-100). Sporadic remains of a massive structure, that may be interpreted as a town fortifivation wall, were found in level 3a, stretching the end of the Middle and the beginning of the Late Bronze Age (Esin 1971: 112-113). The Middle Bronze Age pottery assemblage is especially represented by brown and gray wheel-made wares, as well as by monochrome and bichrome painted wares (Esin 1971: 122; Esin 1972: 153-155; Esin 1982: 97-98; Russel 1980: 32-35; Dilgün 1977). A continuity in domestic architecture is attested during the Late Bronze Age (LBI: level 2b; LBAII: level 2a), seeing that dwellings with elongated rooms arranged around a central court has been brought to light (Esin 1974: 109, 127). A structure identifiable as a “postern” was also excavated in these levels (Esin 1979). Pottery repertoire is almost totally wheel-made, pastes color are pale with a net decline of gray and brown colors and a general standardization towards mineral ware classes (Esin 1970: 166; Esin 1971: 122; Dilgün 1977). Within specialized foreign ceramic wares it is important to note the presence of some Nuzi Ware sherds (Esin 1971: 131). Even if archaeometric analyses have not been conducted, the discovery of spindle bottles and arm-shaped vessels realized in red-fine wares can be related to the diffusion of Red Lustrous Wheel-made Ware on the site (Dilgün 1977: 174; Eriksson 1993: no. 1169). Hittite biconvex seals have been brought to light, as well as more sporadic Mitannian-style cylindrical seals (Esin 1971: pl. 88). The Late Bronze Age settlement ended with a violent destruction. The transitional level between the end of the Late Bronze and the Early Iron Age (level 2), as well as the Middle Iron Age (level 1b-c) have been largely destroyed by a Middle Age cemetery and are identifiable with difficulty (Esin 1970: 151). A very restricted number of Iron Age sherds have been uncovered and are represented by red-slipped and grooved wares vessels (Esin 1970: pl. 6-7).
   
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  Filled by (02.01.2014 14:00:26)
last edited by ()